Sura (18)- Al-Kahf (verses 109-110):
"Say: Though the sea became ink for the Words of my Lord, verily the sea would be used up before the words of my Lord were exhausted, even though We brought the like thereof to help. (109) Say: I am only a mortal like you. My Lord inspireth in me that your God is only One God. And whoever hopeth for the meeting with his Lord, let him do righteous work, and make none sharer of the worship due unto his Lord. (110)"
If the servant of Allaah knows that he cannot escape nor change the plan of Allaah, he will commit all his affairs to Allaah and throw himself between His hands as a humble servant throws himself between the hands of a mighty king who has authority over him- and indeed the servant has no power of his own.
When the servant knows all that, he will be relieved from all distress and sadness and will pass the burden to Allaah who does not get tired. Allaah will carry them, and show him kindness and mercy without any tiredness.
The servant has paid attention to Allaah alone and Allaah paid attention to the needs and benefits of his life and emptied his heart from them, and, as a result, his life will be good and his heart will be happy.
The sweetness of trusting in Allaah Taken from Al – Fawaa’id’ by Imam Ibn al-Qayyim rahimahullaah
10 Muharram (day of Aashooraa') = Thursday, 16th December 2010
Ibn Abbaas radi Allaahu Anhu said:
“I never saw the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 'Alayhi wa sallam so keen to fast any day and give it priority over any other than this day, the day of Aashooraa’, and this month, meaning Ramadaan.”
The Prophet sallAllaahu 'Alayhi wa sallam said: “For fasting the day of 'Aashooraa’, I hope that Allaah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before.”
Mustahabb (encouraged) to fast Taasoo'aa’ with 'Aashooraa’
Abd-Allaah ibn Abbaas radi Allaahu Anhuma said: “When the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu Alayhi wa sallam fasted on Aashooraa’ and commanded the Muslims to fast as well, they said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, it is a day that is venerated by the Jews and Christians.’ The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu Alayhi wa sallam said, ‘If I live to see the next year, insha’ Allaah, we will fast on the ninth day too.’
But it so happened that the Messenger of AllaahsallAllaahu Alayhi wa sallam passed away before the next year came.”
Ibn Abbaas radi Allaahu Anhu said: “I never saw the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu Alayhi wa sallam so keen to fast any day and give it priority over any other than this day, the day of Aashooraa’, and this month, meaning Ramadaan.”
The Prophet sallAllaahu Alayhi wa sallam said: “For fasting the day of Aashooraa’, I hope that Allaah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before.”
This is from the bounty of Allaah towards us: for fasting one day He gives us expiation for the sins of a whole year. And Allaah is the Owner of Great Bounty.
Not relying too much on the reward for fasting it:
Some people who are deceived rely too much on things like fasting on Aashooraa’ or the day of Arafaah, to the extent that some of them say, “Fasting on Aashooraa’ will expiate for the sins of the whole year, and fasting on the day of Arafaah will bring extra rewards.”
Ibn al-Qayyim said: ‘This misguided person does not know that fasting in Ramadaan and praying five times a day are much more important than fasting on the day of Arafaah and Aashooraa’, and that they expiate for the sins between one Ramadaan and the next, or between one Friday and the next, so long as one avoids major sins. But they cannot expiate for minor sins unless one also avoids major sins; when the two things are put together, they have the strength to expiate for minor sins.
Which day is Aashooraa’?
Ibn Abbaas said: ‘The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu Alayhi wa sallam commanded us to fast Aashooraa’, the tenth day of Muharram.”
It is mustahabb (encouraged) to fast Taasooaa’ with Aashooraa’:
Abd-Allaah ibn Abbaas radi Allaahu Anhuma said: “When the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu Alayhi wa sallam fasted on Aashooraa’ and commanded the Muslims to fast as well, they said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, it is a day that is venerated by the Jews and Christians.’ The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu Alayhi wa sallam said, ‘If I live to see the next year, insha’ Allaah, we will fast on the ninth day too.’ But it so happened that the Messenger of AllaahsallAllaahu Alayhi wa sallam passed away before the next year came.”
Al-Shaafaee and his companions, Ahmad, Is-haaq and others said: “It is mustahabb to fast on both the ninth and tenth days, because the Prophet sallAllaahu Alayhi wa sallam fasted on the tenth, and intended to fast on the ninth.”
On this basis it may be said that there are varying degrees of fasting Aashooraa’, the least of which is to fast only on the tenth and the best of which is to fast the ninth as well. And the more one fasts in Muharram, the better it is.
Bidaahs (acts not from sunnahs) common on Aashooraa’:
Some are wearing kohl, taking a bath (ghusl), wearing henna, shaking hands with one another, cooking grains (huboob), showing happiness….
They also reported a fabricated hadeeth that is falsely attributed to the Prophet sallAllaahu Alayhi wa sallam, which says, “Whoever is generous to his family on the day of Aashooraa’, Allaah will be generous to him for the rest of the year.” Reporting all of this from the Prophet sallAllaahu Alayhi wa sallam is tantamount to lying.’
Nothing to that effect has been reported in any saheeh hadeeth from the Prophet sallAllaahu Alayhi wa sallam or from his Companions. None of the imaams of the Muslims encouraged or recommended such things, neither the four imaams, nor any others. No reliable scholars have narrated anything like this, neither from the ProphetsallAllaahu Alayhi wa sallam nor from the Sahaabah, nor from the Taabieen; neither in any saheeh report or in a daeef (weak) report.
We ask Allaah to make us followers of the Sunnah of His Noble Prophet and may Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad and all his family and companions...amiin.
Extracted from Booklet by Shaykh Saleh Munajjid Islamqa.com
Praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the Worlds, and peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, the Seal of the Prophets and Chief of the Messengers, and upon all his family and companions.
Allaah’s sacred month of Muharram is a blessed and important month. It is the first month of the Hijri calendar and is one of the four sacred months concerning which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Verily, the number of months with Allaah is twelve months (in a year), so it was ordained by Allaah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them, four are sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein…” [soorah at-Tawbah, v:36]
It was reported that Ibn Abbaas said that this phrase (so wrong not yourselves therein…) referred to all the months, then these four were singled out and made sacred, so that sin in these months is more serious and good deeds bring a greater reward.
The Virtue of observing more naafil fasts during Muharram:
Abu Hurayrah radi Allaahu Anhu said: “The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu Alayhi wa sallam said: ‘The best of fasting after Ramadaan is fasting Allaah’s month of Muharram.’”
The phrase “Allaah’s month”, connecting the name of the month to the name of Allaah in a genitive grammatical structure, signifies the importance of the month.
This hadeeth is probably meant to encourage increasing one’s fasting during Muharram, without meaning that one should fast for the entire month.
The Islamic year has twelve months that are based on a lunar cycle.
Allah says in the Qur'an:
"The number of months in the sight of Allah is twelve (in a year) - so ordained by Him the day He created the heavens and the earth...." (At-Tawbah(9):36).
"It is He Who made the sun to be a shining glory, and the moon to be a light of beauty, and measured out stages for it, that you might know the number of years and the count of time. Allah did not create this except in truth and righteousness. And He explains His signs in detail, for those who understand" (Yunus(10):5).
And in his final sermon before his death, the Prophet Muhammad(peace be upon him) said, among other things,
"With Allah the months are twelve; four of them are holy; three of these are successive and one occurs singly between the months of Jumaada and Sha'ban."
Islamic months begin at sunset of the first day, the day when the lunar crescent is visually sighted. The lunar year is approximately 354 days long, so the months rotate backward through the seasons and are not fixed to the Gregorian calendar.
Muslims do not traditionally "celebrate" the beginning of a new year, but we do acknowledge the passing of time, and take time to reflect on our own mortality.
Muslims measure the passage of time using the Islamic (Hijrah) calendar. This calendar has twelve lunar months, the beginnings and endings of which are determined by the sighting of the crescent moon.
Years are counted since the Hijrah, which is when the Prophet Muhammad migrated from Mecca to Madinah (approximately July 622 A.D.).
The Islamic calendar was first introduced by the close companion of the Prophet, 'Umar ibn Al-Khattab. During his leadership of the Muslim community, in approximately 638 A.D., he consulted with his advisors in order to come to a decision regarding the various dating systems used at that time.
It was agreed that the most appropriate reference point for the Islamic calendar was the Hijrah, since it was an important turning point for the Muslim community.
After the emigration to Madinah (formerly known as Yathrib), the Muslims were able to organize and establish the first real Muslim "community," with social, political, and economic independence. Life in Madinah allowed the Muslim community to mature and strengthen, and the people developed an entire society based on Islamic principles.
The Islamic calendar is the official calendar in many Muslim countries, especially Saudi Arabia. Other Muslim countries use the Gregorian calendar for civil purposes and only turn to the Islamic calendar for religious purposes.