Sunday, February 13, 2011

Al-Fiil - Tafseer



Surah Name: Al-Fil Meaning: The Elephant

* Revealed at Makkah
* Total Number of Rukū / Sections 1
* Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 5
* Sūrah / Chapter number 105
* Rukū / Section 1 contains Āyāt / Parts 5
* Siparah/ Volume 30

(The English Tafseer)

أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ فَعَلَ رَبُّكَ بِأَصْحَابِ الْفِيلِ

(Alam tara kayfa faAAala rabbuka biashabi alfeel(i))

Have you-SAAW not seen how your-SAAW Rabb-SWT dealt with the fellows of the elephant?


أَلَمْ يَجْعَلْ كَيْدَهُمْ فِي تَضْلِيلٍ

(Alam yajAAal kaydahum fee tadleel(in))

Did He-SWT not set their stratagem at nothing?


وَأَرْسَلَ عَلَيْهِمْ طَيْرًا أَبَابِيلَ

(Waarsala AAalayhim tayran ababeel(a))

And He-SWT sent against them birds in flocks.


تَرْمِيهِم بِحِجَارَةٍ مِّن سِجِّيلٍ

(Tarmeehim bihijaratin min sijjeel(in))

They hurled upon them clay stones.


فَجَعَلَهُمْ كَعَصْفٍ مَّأْكُولٍ

(FajaAAalahum kaAAasfin makool(in))

Then He-SWT rendered them as stubble devoured.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful


This event took place in the year of the Holy Prophet-SAAW’s birth, when Zunuwas, the King of Yemen, had burnt the Muslims alive in the trenches. The Christian ruler of Syria, Caesar, a Muslim of that time, deputed two of his chieftains Arbat and Abraha to Yemen to take Zunuwas to task, who was defeated. He fled and perished in the sea. Now Abraha killed Arbat and himself became the ruler. 

People from Yemen used to visit the Holy Ka'abah. Abraha had a grand church built and demanded that people circumambulate it rather than going to Makkah. Yet people preferred to visit the Holy K'aabah. Abraha was infuriated and proceeded with a large army to raze Ka'abah to the ground.

The Arab tribes gathered to put up a joint resistance, but were defeated. Abraha continued to march on, crushing any resistance enroute and finally arrived in the precincts of Makkah. The Holy Prophet-SAAW’s grandfather Hadhrat 'Abdul Mutlib advised the Makkans to retire to the hills leaving the protection of the Ka'abah to its Rabb-SWT as the invading army was far too strong to be encountered.

This army had elephants with it, not hitherto known in Arabia. The powerful personal elephant of Abraha named Mahmood was taken to the front to lead the assault but it would not move an inch. After all efforts failed the chieftains of Abraha advised him to retreat, which he ignored. 

Suddenly flocks of tiny birds appeared from the sea-coast, carrying pebbles in their beaks and claws. The birds pelted those on the army of Abraha. When a pebble would hit any target, be it a soldier, a horse or an elephant, it would penetrate through and destroy it. 

Abraha's army started retreating in panic and utter confusion. He himself reached Yemen critically injured. The wounds caused by the pebbles had such a toxic effect that his body putrefied, all its joints disintegrated until it wasted away in fluid. The opposition to enforce Islam today amounts to razing down the Ka'abah. 

This event carries admonition for the culprits. O' Prophet-SAAW! Are you-SAAW aware of the treatment We-SWT extended to the army with elephants, extremely proud of their might and dared destroy the Ka'abah to establish their own supremacy? The flocks of tiny birds were sent unto them carrying pebbles in their claws made of clay, like atomic missiles of modern age. These birds reduced Abraha's Army to a state of the fodder usually served to cattle.


(Ya Nabi Salamun Alaika - Raihan)




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